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What You Need to Know About the PDF Report on Homelessness in Malaysia: 11 Key Facts and Figures

Homelessness Statistics in Malaysia: A PDF Report with 11 Facts and Figures

Homelessness is a social issue that affects many people in Malaysia, especially in big cities like Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, George Town and Kuching. According to a study by Farrah et al. (2018), most of the homeless people in Malaysia are aged between 30 and 59 years old, and they live on the streets without any shelter or assistance. They usually sleep on the sidewalks, behind shops, under bridges or in abandoned buildings. Some of them are also accompanied by their children.

statistik gelandangan di malaysia pdf 11


What are the causes and consequences of homelessness in Malaysia? What are the initiatives and challenges to help the homeless people? Where can you find and download the latest statistics on homelessness in Malaysia? In this article, we will answer these questions and provide you with a PDF report that contains 11 key facts and figures on homelessness in Malaysia.

Causes of Homelessness in Malaysia

There are many factors that contribute to homelessness in Malaysia, such as poverty, unemployment, low income, family problems, mental illness, substance abuse, domestic violence, natural disasters and social exclusion. Some of the homeless people are victims of circumstances, while others are trapped in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness.

According to a survey by Fuad Mohamed Berawi & Noor Amalina Ismail (2019), 63% of the homeless people in Kuala Lumpur became homeless because they had no job, while the rest only earned enough to survive. They also found that 53.4% of the homeless people lived on the streets without any house, while the others stayed with friends or rented houses. The survey also revealed that most of the homeless people were males (86%), Malays (64%), Muslims (64%) and single (54%).

Consequences of Homelessness in Malaysia

Homelessness has negative impacts on both individuals and society. Homeless people face many challenges and risks, such as hunger, malnutrition, illness, injury, infection, violence, crime, exploitation, discrimination, stigma and isolation. They also have limited access to basic needs and services, such as food, water, sanitation, health care, education and employment. They often suffer from low self-esteem, depression, anxiety and hopelessness.

Homelessness also affects the image and development of the city and the country. Homeless people are often seen as a nuisance and a threat to public order and safety. They also create environmental problems such as littering and pollution. Moreover, homelessness reflects the social inequality and injustice that exist in the society.

Initiatives to Help Homeless People in Malaysia

There are various initiatives to help homeless people in Malaysia from different sectors and stakeholders, such as government agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), religious groups and volunteers. Some of these initiatives include providing shelters, food banks, soup kitchens, mobile clinics, counseling services, skills training programs and job placement services. Some examples of these initiatives are:

  • The Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development (KPWKM) has established several shelters for homeless people under its Anjung Singgah program. These shelters provide temporary accommodation, meals, clothing and counseling for up to 21 days.

  • The Ministry of Federal Territories (KWP) has launched a program called Ops Gelandangan to relocate homeless people from the streets to transit centers or shelters. The program also aims to provide medical check-ups, identification documents and job opportunities for homeless people.

  • The Kuala Lumpur City Hall (DBKL) has set up a one-stop center called Pusat Transit Gelandangan Kuala Lumpur (PTGKL) to provide various services for homeless people such as accommodation, food, health care, counseling and rehabilitation.

  • The Pertubuhan IKRAM Malaysia (IKRAM) is an NGO that runs a food distribution program for homeless people called Edar Makanan untuk Gelandangan (EMUG). The program provides free meals for about 300 homeless people every Sunday night at several locations in Kuala Lumpur.

  • The Dapur Jalanan is another NGO that operates a soup kitchen for homeless people every Sunday evening at Jalan Panggong in Kuala Lumpur. The soup kitchen serves vegetarian food for about 200 homeless people.

Challenges to Help Homeless People in Malaysia

Despite the various initiatives to help homeless people in Malaysia, there are still many challenges and obstacles that hinder the effectiveness and sustainability of these efforts. Some of these challenges are:

  • Lack of a clear and comprehensive definition of homelessness in Malaysia. This leads to inconsistent data collection and analysis, as well as confusion and misunderstanding among different stakeholders.

  • Lack of coordination and collaboration among different agencies and organizations that are involved in addressing homelessness. This results in duplication of resources, overlapping of roles and responsibilities, and gaps in service delivery.

  • Lack of awareness and empathy among the public and the authorities towards the plight and needs of homeless people. This causes stigma, discrimination and harassment against homeless people, as well as resistance and reluctance to support or participate in the initiatives to help them.

  • Lack of long-term and holistic solutions that address the root causes and consequences of homelessness. Most of the initiatives are focused on providing short-term and immediate relief, such as food and shelter, but not on empowering and enabling homeless people to improve their socio-economic status and well-being.

Recommendations to Help Homeless People in Malaysia